In the beginning of the 19th century, the abbot Zamboni, an Italian physicist, developed a method of making Volta Piles (Early batteries) by using very thin metal foil and paper. Using this method he was able to create piles of over 2000 layers that stood less than 12" tall. Batteries of such a high voltage created an electrostatic charge on their terminals. Taking advantage of this , Zamboni manufactured an instrument composed of two Volta piles alternatively attracting a pendulum situated between them. The mechanism formed the basis for the first electrostatic clocks.Perpetual Motion
The Clarendon Dry Pile was purchased by Robert Walker (Professor of physics 1839 - 1865) and bears the label in his handwriting "Set up in 1840", though a later note indicates that it may have been constructed some 15 years earlier. It consists of two voltaic "dry-piles", covered with an insulating layer of sulphur, connected in series and, at their lower ends, to two bells. Between the bells is suspended a metal sphere about 4mm in diameter which is attracted alternately by the bells and transfers charge from one to the other.Oxford Physics Teaching - History Archive
sparkmuseum - Highlights
Duluc/Zamboni Electrostatic Pile
4hv.org: Forums / High Voltage / Seeking to hire someone to fabricate Zamboni HV battery
SCIENCE HOBBYIST: site map
eclgy.com: Zamboni pile
Zamboni pile - Totally Explained
Chemical Engineering: Zamboni Battery Part 3, electrostatic voltmeter, bipolar cells
Comune di Bologna - Bologna Turismo
Welcome to Mikes Clocks............
Wapedia - Wiki: Giuseppe Zamboni
A. C. M. de Queiroz Links
Dry pile facts - Freebase
electric clocks - a history through animation
Battery cell type - Freebase
Oxford electric bell-Perpetual motion machine? - Forums
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Oxford Electric Bell
Testatika Vertical Rods mystery
Zamboni pile : Synonyms, Definition & Meaning about Zamboni pile from Reach Information
some pdf's (poorly validated):
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
Andrea Sottorivacurriculum vitae
MECANISMES DE PREACTIVACI� DE SUBSTRAT EN 1,3-1,4- -GLUCANASA
The Oxford electric
The Enigma of Volta's �Contact Tension� and the Development of the ...
A Simple High-Resistance Electrostatic Voltmeter
Field-effect Transistors of Tetracene Single Crystal on top of a ...
A SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD SOLUTION FOR BUCKMINSTERFULLERENE
Spacecraft Systems Engineering
Isolation of a New, Pink, Obligately Thermophilic, Gram- Negative...
CHARGE DENSITY CHANGE IN THE VITELLINE SURFACE FOLLOWING....
Massimo Tinazzi1 THE LIFE AND THE WORK OF GIUSEPPE ZAMBONI
Structural analysis of the jacalin-related lectin MornigaM from...
Bottom-up fabrication requires a hierarchical organization of...