(Stafford Beer is a genius)
Management cybernetician Stafford Beer (1979, 81, 85) spent many years researching the necessary and sufficient conditions for a complex system to be viable.
He determined that viability was maintained by engaging in different activities, keeping them from interfering with each other, managing them together, focusing on the future and doing so in the context of an identity within which the interests of the whole over time could be considered.
Stafford Beer: the man who could have run the world
Stafford Beer achieved the hardest of all pedagogic tasks: he changed the way people think. His protean influence stretches from generations of inspired students, through Salvador Allende’s Chile, to the collective brain of openDemocracy. A huge, life-affirming figure has passed, but his work will long survive, says our international editor.